Opioid substitution therapy (OST) is known as the most effective available treatment option of opioid dependence, when combined with psychosocial assistance. According to the latest update on the global state of harm reduction published in 2010, OST is available in 70 countries and territories around the world. The purpose of this paper is to provide an up-to-date overview of the state of OST service provision in Eurasia, with a particular focus on access and quality issues. It is based on the data collected by the Eurasian Harm Reduction Network between August and November 2011, and is therefore intended to capture some of the most recent developments that took place in the region since the release of the 2010 global update.
IDPC Briefing Series on Drug Dependence Treatment No 1. Supported, in part, by a grant from the Open Society Foundations.